Scenario Analysis No. 13 – How can a Consignor track and manage Inventory “on consignment” sent to Consignee?

Under this approach, the business is focused on producing the items for sale whereas its sales is managed by another business. This is done through a pre-defined arrangement where the items are sent on consignment to the seller and any sales is shared between them. The areas to consider when dealing with this scenario are: Inventory on Consignment; Sales and “Reverse” Invoice; and Returned Consignment Items.


For the Consignor, i.e. the business delivering the items, the quantity and unit cost of the items are captured under “Inventory – On Consignment”. This shall be based on the quantity produced from its manufacturing process, and the accumulated costs incurred in the said process. In the business system, the data will be triggered by “InventoryIn” process. The accounting entries to reflect this are as follows:

DR Inventory – On Consignment               CR Inventory – Items

Note that inventory on consignment are physically not held by the business but held by the seller.



When a sale is made by the seller, the Consignor shall be notified of the remittance to be made by the seller. When the “Reverse Invoice” notice is issued, the Consignor will update the inventory balance of the affected consigned item in its system. This “InventoryOut” process will be reflected by the following accounting entries:

DR Sales Expenses – On Consignment                    CR Inventory – On Consignment

The reverse invoice representing sales revenue will also trigger the following entries:

DR Debtor – On Consignment

DR Sales Expense – Commission Charges                   CR Sales – On consignment

The sales transaction shall be closed upon receipt of the funds in the bank from the seller (“Debtor – On Consignment”). The gross profit earned by the business is the difference between sales and sales expense.


When the consigned items are returned, this will trigger an “InventoryIn” process. The accounting entries to reflect this situation are as follows:

DR Inventory – Items              CR Inventory – On Consignment

If the inventory is obsolete or slow-moving item, a decision is required from the business on whether to maintain or write-off the inventory balance to the P&L account.


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